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The complete list of Vital Vitamins and Minerals for Healthy HAIR and Scalp

A nourished scalp is the foundation for strong, shiny hair; it needs an array of vitamins and minerals to function optimally, protecting hair follicles and promoting growth. Just like any other part of your body, your scalp craves essential nutrients to stay in tip-top shape. Without them, your hair and scalp are deprived of the premium health care they need.

This article is solely focused on the vitamins and minerals you need to include in your daily routine for optimum hair and scalp health.


1. Vitamin A – The Anti-Aging Warrior

Vitamin A is a true superhero when it comes to scalp health. It aids in the production of sebum, which keeps your scalp and hair moisturized. Additionally, vitamin A promotes cell growth and renewal, helping to maintain a healthy scalp and preventing premature aging of hair follicles.


To get your fix of vitamin A, load up on foods like sweet potatoes, carrots, spinach, and dairy products like milk and cheese. In my experience, incorporating a serving of sweet potato or carrot juice into your daily routine can make a noticeable difference.

2. The 3 Vital B vitamins

The B vitamin family plays a crucial role in facilitating your hair growth and scalp health. They also help reduce stress, which can contribute to hair loss. The 3 most vital B vitamins that can aid your hair and scalp health are mentioned below:

2.1 Biotin (Vitamin B7)

Biotin, also known as vitamin B7, is often hailed as the “hair growth vitamin.” It plays a crucial role in the production of keratin, the structural protein that makes up hair strands. Biotin deficiency can lead to hair loss, brittle nails, and dry skin.

Source: Foods like egg yolks, nuts, seeds, and avocados are excellent sources of this essential nutrient.

2.2 Niacin (Vitamin B3)

Niacin, or vitamin B3, is vital for promoting healthy blood circulation to the scalp. Adequate blood flow ensures that your hair follicles receive the necessary nutrients and oxygen to thrive. Niacin also aids in maintaining healthy skin cells, which can prevent scalp dryness and flakiness.

Source: Incorporate more tuna, chicken breast, peanuts, and whole grains like brown rice and quinoa into your diet to boost your niacin intake.

2.3 Folate (Vitamin B9)

Folate, also known as vitamin B9, is essential for cell growth and division, making it crucial for healthy hair growth. It works in tandem with other B vitamins to support the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to hair follicles.

Source: Folate can be found in leafy greens, citrus fruits, legumes, and fortified grains.

3. Vitamin C – The Antioxidant Powerhouse

Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that helps protect your scalp from oxidative stress caused by free radicals. These pesky free radicals can damage hair follicles and impede growth. Vitamin C also aids in the production of collagen, which is essential for maintaining the structural integrity of your scalp.


Load up on citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruits, and lemons, as well as bell peppers, broccoli, and strawberries. I like to start my day with a refreshing glass of orange juice or a vitamin C-packed smoothie.

4. Vitamin D – The Sunshine Vitamin

Vitamin D plays a pivotal role in regulating the hair growth cycle. It helps stimulate the hair follicles and promotes new hair growth. A deficiency in vitamin D can lead to issues like dry scalp, brittle hair, and even hair loss.

Supplementation Tips

While you can get vitamin D from foods like fatty fish, egg yolks, and fortified dairy products, it’s often difficult to get enough from diet alone. Try spending some time in the sun (with proper UV protection, of course) or taking a vitamin D supplement, especially during the winter months.

5. Vitamin E – The Moisturizing Marvel

Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that helps combat dryness and scalp inflammation. It also promotes blood circulation, ensuring that your hair follicles receive the nutrients they need. A well-nourished scalp means less flakiness, itchiness, and dandruff.


Incorporate foods like avocados, nuts, seeds, and plant-based oils into your diet to boost your vitamin E intake. A drizzle of olive oil or avocado oil over my salads or use them in my cooking makes up for my daily intake of Vitamin E.


1. Iron – The Energy Booster

Iron is essential for carrying oxygen to your hair follicles, ensuring they receive the nourishment they need. Without enough iron, your hair can become thin and prone to shedding. Iron deficiency is a common culprit behind excessive hair loss, so it’s crucial to maintain adequate levels.


Lean red meat, spinach, lentils, and fortified cereals are excellent sources of iron. If you’re following a plant-based diet, consider combining iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich ones to enhance absorption.

2. Zinc – The Follicle Protector

Zinc plays a vital role in protein synthesis and cell division, both of which are essential for healthy hair growth. It also helps regulate your hormone levels, which impacts your hair growth and shedding in a big way. Zinc deficiency can contribute to hair loss and a dry, flaky scalp.


Incorporate more oysters, beef, pumpkin seeds, and cashews into your diet to boost your zinc intake. I like to sprinkle a handful of pumpkin seeds over my salads or yogurt for a crunchy, zinc-packed boost.

3. Iodine

Iodine is an essential mineral that looks after your thyroid function. The thyroid gland regulates numerous bodily processes, including hair growth and shedding cycles. When thyroid hormones are out of balance due to iodine deficiency, it can lead to issues like excessive hair shedding or thinning.


Incorporate more iodine-rich foods into your diet to support optimal thyroid health and, in turn, promote a healthy scalp and hair. Seaweed, dairy products, eggs, and iodized salt are excellent dietary sources of this crucial mineral. I like to sprinkle a pinch of iodized salt over my meals or enjoy a seaweed salad as a nutrient-dense side dish.

4. Selenium

Selenium is a powerful antioxidant mineral that helps protect hair follicles from oxidative stress caused by free radicals. These unstable molecules can damage hair follicles, leading to hair loss and impaired growth. Selenium also plays a role in regulating hormone levels, which can impact hair growth and shedding cycles.


Brazil nuts are an excellent source of selenium, with just a few nuts providing your daily recommended intake. Other selenium-rich foods include tuna, sardines, and eggs. I like to keep a small stash of Brazil nuts on hand for a quick, nutrient-dense snack.

By incorporating these essential vitamins and minerals into your diet, you’re taking a proactive step toward achieving a healthy, lush mane. Remember, a nourished scalp is the foundation for strong, beautiful hair. So, fill your plate with nutrient-dense foods, and watch as your locks transform into the envy of all!

Gwenda Harmon

Gwenda Harmon

Gwenda Harmon, our esteemed hair stylist and resident beauty expert at Power Your Curls, boasts over a decade of experience. Her specialization lies in dispensing invaluable advice on hair care, styling, and beauty techniques. Frequently featured in reputable publications such as Yahoo!, VEGAMOUR, BestLife Online, and more, Gwenda is dedicated to helping individuals attain healthy, beautiful hair by sharing her wealth of knowledge in effective hair care practices.